Vanadium Benefits and Hazards

Topics: Occupational safety and health, Vanadium, Medicine Pages: 2 (372 words) Published: October 13, 2013
Vanadium Benefits and Hazards

Vanadium has benefits both in industrial products as well in the medical field. In industry about 85% of is used as ferrovanadium or as a steel additive. This strengthens the steel as well as makes it lighter. Ford built his first model T out of vanadium steel which decreased the weight of the vehicle by approximately half. Other uses in industry is also as a big proponent as a catalyst in the production of sulfuric acid as well as maleic anhydride (essential to production of plastics and polyesters). Also has the use in rare earths which Is crucial to clean earth technology. Other uses are vanadium flow batteries, lithium-vanadium batteries, knives, medical instruments. Its use in the medical field is its use in the treatment of several medical disorders but in low controlled daily dosages. Some examples would be anemia, diabetes, high cholesterol and heart disease. It may possibly also improve athletic performance in resistance training as well as in the prevention of cancer.

Vanadium is considered a hazard to the health by the CDC and NIOSH especially with prolonged exposure in high doses to the dust form by inhalation, ingestion and the skin. Excessive exposure / high doses can lead to serious health concerns, such as anemia, asthma attacks, difficulty breathing and kidney damage. It can cause irritation to the skin and eyes. There is a long list of health problems with some of the most serious being cardiac and vascular disease, damage to the nervous system and bleeding of the liver and kidneys. Industrially it can cause damage to diesel fuel engines by presenting a corrosion hazard because it is the main fuel component influencing high temperature corrosion.

References
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (January 2007). Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet.
Nj.gov. Retrieved from http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/3762.pdf National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)...

References: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (January 2007). Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet.
Nj.gov. Retrieved from http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/3762.pdf
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Education and Information Division (April
2011). NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Vanadium fume. CDC.gov. Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0654.html
Lenntech BV (2013). Vanadium – V. lenntech.com. Retrieved from
http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/v.htm
American Vanadium (2011). Vanadium Outlook. Americanvanadium.com. Retrieved from
http://www.americanvanadium.com/steel.php
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