Tics and Tourette’s Syndrome
Tics are sudden, uncontrollable movements or sounds that are repeated. Tourette’s is a distinct form of Tic, which involves repeated movements and sounds. Tourette’s Syndrome is a neurological disorder, affecting the Central Nervous System. Disorder is named for Dr. Georges de la Toilette, a French neurologist. In 1885, he first diagnosed an 85-year-old French noblewoman. Research suggests that Tourette’s syndrome is caused by unknown abnormalities in the cortex and frontal lobes, and neurotransmitters responsible for communication in nerve cells. Symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome are first noticed in childhood. Majority of children’s onset is between the ages of 7-10, but can be anywhere from 2-16. Tourette’s Syndrome affects people of all ethnic groups. Males are 3 times more like to be affected than females. It is estimated that 150,000 Americans suffer from T.S., and many more have less severe tic disorders. Tourette’s affects 1 in every 2,000 children, maybe more. Commontics include eye blinking, head jerking, throat clearing, barking, sniffing, and grunting sounds. Most people with T.S. experience peak tic severity in the mid-teen years. Tics are often worse with anxiety and are less likely during focused activities. Some people try to suppress or camouflage their tics to lessen its affect on daily life.Majority of people with T.S. require no medication for tics. For those who have tics that interfere with functioning, neuroleptics are the most consistent medications for tic suppression. There is no known cure for Tics or Tourette’s syndrome. Evidence suggests that T.S. is an inherited disorder with a very complex inheritance pattern. Environmental factors also play a role in the severity of T.S. Genetic studies show that some forms of ADHD and OCD are related to Tourette’s. Males are more likely to experience symptoms such as tics and sudden jerks, where as females are more likely to have obsessive-compulsive symptoms....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document