The Pandemics in Europe History

Topics: Pandemic, Black Death, Infectious disease Pages: 2 (592 words) Published: January 1, 2014
27.11.2013
Epidemics in History of Europe
A disease is an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism. In humans "disease" is often used more broadly to refer any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problem, or death to person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. A pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread though human populations across a large region. In Europe history, epidemical viruses caused thousands of death.

There have been many pandemic disaster in Europe history. Most of them are believed came with domestication of animals. As a result of this there have been significant epidemics that mere destroyed cities. Typhoid fever, killed the quarter of the Athenian army and quarter of the population of Athens in 430 BC. This is named Plague of Athens and proven that this is caused by a typhoid bacteria by University of Athens at January 2006 with a teeth taken from a mass grave.

Antonine Plague is an another epidemic worth to mention about and happened between 165-180. It's thought that it brought by Italian soldiers from Near East an caused by smallpox. It killed a quarter of those infected and up to five million in all. At the second outbreak of same disease, 5000 people a day were dying in Rome they said and it was between 251-266 and called Plague of Cyprian.

The first epidemic of the bubonic plague is the Plague of Justinian which accrued between 541-750. It started at Egypt and spread to Constantinople. It eliminated a quarter to a half of the known world these days. It caused the population of Europe to drop to %50 between 550-700.

Black Death, started at 14th century which killed 75 million people worldwide across time. It longed until 18th century at Europe. In this time more than 100 epidemics swept across Europe.
Cholera had killed millions of people but not just Europe. Until the starting years of 1900s, cholera 600,000 people in...
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