The Black Death

Topics: Black Death, Yersinia pestis, Bubonic plague Pages: 4 (1614 words) Published: November 3, 2013
Explain the key features of the Black Death (1300s) and its impact upon Europe

The Black Death (or bubonic plague) had an enormous impact upon Europe in the 1300’s. Some of the key features of the Black Death include the origins and spread of the disease around Europe, symptoms and treatments, medieval ideas about what caused it and social, economic and political effects of the Black Death.

The origin of the Black Death and how it spread were key features on its significant impact on Europe. The great pandemic originated in central Asia where it travelled along the Silk Road and reached the Crimea. In October 1347 a fleet of Genoese ships returning from Crimea to Sicily brought the disease with them. The sailors on board the fleet had gained an unknown sickness and by the time they reached Sicily, many of the sailors were dead or dying. This unknown disease then spread quickly through the west and south of Europe leaving few people alive. From autumn to winter 1348-49, the bubonic plague spread to the north and by 1350 almost all of Britain had been infected by the plague. The spread of the plague is demonstrated in Source 4, a map, which made it useful to research. The source is effective because it illustrates the information clearly so that it is easy to understand. Source 5 is another record of how the Black Death spread. ”The seventh year after it began, it came to England and first began in the towns and ports joining on the seacoasts, in Dorsetshire, where, as in other counties, it made the country quite void of inhabitants so that there were almost none left alive.” This extract portrays valuable evidence of the spread of the Black Death and the large death toll it caused. Some of the main key features of the Black Death’s impact upon Europe include the origin of the disease and how it spread.

The symptoms and treatments of the Black Death in the 1300’s were key features of the disease. There are three types of plague with only the...
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