The Anxiety Disorders

Topics: Nervous system, Anxiety, Brain Pages: 8 (1721 words) Published: March 18, 2016


Anxiety Disorders

An anxiety disorder does not develop over night; it develops slowly and could get worse if not treated by a physician when symptoms first occur. Feeling anxious is normal. People may feel anxious anxiety could worsen. An exam- during finals week, an individual anxiety level is high because more stress is increase. Doing activities that alleviates stress helps an individual’s anxiety decrease- going to the pool or going out to eat with friends- getting away from the “toxic” environment can help the individual let loose and worry less. Some may confuse normal daily stress with anxiety disorders because symptoms can be similar. Symptoms such as constantly stressing about everyday activities, short breath, or even feeling tired. These symptoms can occur due to the environment that you’re in or even previously diagnosed symptoms. One can have short breath and feeling tired due to having low iron or having insomnia. That is why going to a health care professional, psychiatrist, can help diagnose you with the proper diagnosis. A psychiatrist will look for symptoms-“know that they worry too much more than they should, have headaches, muscle aches, stomach aches, or unexplained pains, and have a hard time concentrating” (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). Anxiety is related to depression. Depression can affect everyone around you, your relationships, family members, and friends if not controlled. When feeling anxious, you have “low levels of gamma aminobutyric acid” (Introductory Psychology Concepts, McGraw-Hill, 2010) Gamma aminobutyric acid is one of more than 50 neurochemical messengers.

“Serotonin is involved in the regulation of sleep mood, attention, and learning.” (Experience Psychology, King, p.54) Medication that consists of serotonin is usually prescribed for a patient that has anxiety disorders. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter, which is used to “transmit nerve impulse across the space between nerve cells or neurons” (What Is Serotonin? What Does It Do?, Medical News Today, 2011) Serotonin has also been found to be linked to depression, psychiatrists proved that lower levels of serotonin has caused this. Serotonin is also a neurochemical messenger. Not only does a low level of serotonin affect you but also low levels of norepinephrine can too. Neurochemical messengers help with the regulations, but if the body needs help in order to regulate it, then you must consult with a medical professional in order to help you. Within the nervous system there are two sub-topics, the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. In the central nervous system the brain is included. The central nervous system contains the brain that has part of the cerebrum and learned that it “is involved in sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, consciousness, and voluntary movement.” (Introductory Psychology Concepts, McGraw-Hill, 2010) The cerebrum and also the pons –“involved in sleep and arousal” (Introductory Psychology Concepts, McGraw-Hill, 2010) are both associated with anxiety disorder, as we can recall some of the symptoms that doctors search for. The peripheral nervous system has an autonomic nervous system, which has both the sympathetic nervous system- arousing-, and the parasympathetic nervous system- calming- both needs a homeostasis level in order for an anxious person to stay relaxed. A person with an over active amygdala is usually a symptom with anxiety. The amygdala is involved with emotion and aggression. For anyone who has heard of hoarding, that is also a sign that a person has anxiety and depression. They have attached themselves to anything and everything that come in contact with. Your limbic system, forebrain, is viable in both memory and emotion. The root of the attachment is due to your hypothalamus. Hoarding helps the patients with anxiety to have those pleasurable feelings that they are missing, because they have detached themselves from...
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