Socio Economics Studies of Bangladesh

Topics: Relations of production, Sociology, Mode of production Pages: 13 (3850 words) Published: July 17, 2013
Assignment on

1. Asiatic Mode of Production.
2. Social Exclusion of Bangladesh.
3. Madrasa and English Medium Education Comparison.

Prepared for:
Mohammad Mahbub Quaisar,
Assistant Professor in Sociology, University of Dhaka
Faculty Member
Faculty of Business Studies
Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP)

Prepared by:
(Evening MBA – 1)
Md. Mahbubul Haque, E1104017

Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP)
Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka – 1216

April 20, 2013

1. Asiatic mode of production
Introduction
The theory of the Asiatic mode of production, (AMP) was devised by Karl Marx around the early 1850s. The essence of the theory has been described as the suggestion that Asiatic societies were held in thrall by a despotic ruling clique, residing in central cities and directly expropriating surplus from largely autarkic and generally undifferentiated village communities. The theory continues to arouse heated discussion among contemporary Marxists and non-Marxists alike. Some have rejected the whole concept on the grounds that the socio-economic formations of pre-capitalist Asia did not differ enough from those of feudal Europe to warrant special designation. Aside from Marx, was also an enthusiastic commentator on the AMP. They focused on the socio-economic base of AMP society. Principles

Marx's theory focuses on the organization of labour and depends on his distinction between the following: * The means or forces of production; things such as land, natural resources, necessary for the production of material goods; and * The relations of production; the social relationships people enter into as they acquire and use the means of production. Together these compose the mode of production and Marx distinguished historical eras in terms of distinct modes of production (Asiatic). Marx highlighted that the role the state played in Asiatic societies was incredibly dominant and this was accounted to either the state's monopoly of land ownership, its sheer political and military power or its control over irrigation systems. Description

The Asiatic mode of production is a notion that has been the subject of much deliberation on the part of Marxist and non-Marxist commentators alike. The AMP has endured much controversy and contest from many scholars and is the most disputed mode of production outlined in the works of Marx. Questions regarding the validity of the concept of the AMP were raised in terms of whether or not it corresponds to the reality of certain given societies. Historians have questioned the value of the notion of the AMP as an interpretation of the "facts" of Indian or Chinese history. The subsequent status of the AMP concept has varied with changes in the political environment. The theory was very unpopular in the Soviet Union in the period between the two world wars. Wittfogel suggested in his concept of Oriental despotism that this may have been because of the uncomfortable similarity between the AMP and the reality of Stalin's Russia. In this article Marx's view of Asian society and his “Asiatic mode of production’ are analysed. It is concluded that Marx at first regarded Asian society as a special society which was stagnant and devoid of history, but that at length he overcame this view, considered that the Asiatic mode of production was begotten out of the dissolution of primitive society and was the earliest form of class society and the specific mode of production preceding the ancient mode of production, and placed this mode of production in the series of historical stages of development. Thereafter the author sets out his own views regarding the logical structure of the genesis, development, and fall of this Asiatic mode of production. According to Marx, the combination of forces and relations of production means that the way people relate to the physical world and the way people relate to each other socially are bound up together in specific and necessary ways....
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