Respairtory

Topics: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Pneumonia, Black Death Pages: 5 (898 words) Published: June 5, 2013
diseasesRESPIRATORY DISEASES
CONOR BREMNER

TYPES OF RESPIRATORY DISEASES
* Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
* Tuberculosis
* Scarlet Fever
* Q Fever
* Pneumonic Plague
* Pertussis
* Paragonimiasis
* Mucormycosis
* Lassa Fever
* Legionaires’disease

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS Virus)
Causes
The SARS Virus is airborne and can be propelled 90 cm, it can also be deposited on surfaces. It was first reported in Southern China in November 2002, spread to Taiwan, Canada, Singapore, Malaysia, Phillipines, Thailand, South Africa and The USA. It lasted until July 2003 and it affected about 8000 people. Symptoms

* Fever Above 38 Degrees Celsius
* Myalgia (Aching Muscles)
* Cough, Diarrhoea & Eventually Pneumonia
* Treatment & Consequences
* Mortality Rate Is 15 % & As High As 56% In Elderly
* Broad Specrum Antibiotics
* Antiviral Drugs & Steroids & Ventilation
Prevention
* No Sharing Of Crockery, Cutlery, Close Contact Or Conversation * Quanrantine Of Anyone In Contact With Victims
* Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis
Causes
The bacteria is Mycobacterium Tuberculi and has been around for 3000 years. Spores are transmitted thorough droplet infection or by drinking unpasteurised milk and it cannot be transmitted from objects. Symptoms

* Latent TB Has No Symptoms And It Is Estimated That Every Individual In Africa Has A Latent Form Of TB * Haemoptysis ( Coughing Up Of Blood)
* Night Sweats & Loss Of Weight & Appetite (Anorexia)

Consequences
* Is Fatal Is Untreated With Long Term Antibiotics & Multidrug Resistant TB Is Difficult To Treat & The Patients Are Kept In Confinement & Treated With Intramuscular Drugs * Once Treated Throughly, The Patient Is No Longer Contagious * It Can Manifest In Any Organ Or Structure Of The Body

* Uterus, Bones, Brain Or Lungs
Prevention
* Maintain Your Optimum State Of Health : Vitamins, Sleep & Diet * Annual Chest X Rays And Full Blood Counts & Sputum Microscopy If A Productive Cough Persists Or Other Symptoms Present * Constant Hand Washing Especially After Shaking Hands

* Blowing Your Nose & Gargling If In Close Confines (Eg: Long Flights Or In Malls) * Those Individuals With Suppressed Immunity Are Prone To Developing Tb Concurrently * Health Education

Scarlet Fever
Causes
The bacteria is Beta-Haemolytic Streptococcal and is spread by droplet infection it usually affects 4 – 8 year olds. Symptoms
* Swollen Glands
* Fever
* Very Sore Throat
* Rough Rash Over The Entire Body
* Thick White Coating Of Tongue With Bumps On It
Consequences
* Untreated, Streptococcal Shock Syndrome : Lethal
* Heart And Kidney Damage
* Pneumonia
* Meningitis
* Brain Abscesses
* Septicaemia
Prevention
* Antibiotics : Penicillin Erythromycin
* Standard Precautions : Hand Washing, Gargling (Basic Hygiene) * Vitamins

Q Fever
Causes
It is spread by domestic animals, goats, sheep and cattle. Its caused by bacteria coxiella burnietii and it is airborne. It is found in the urine, milk and faeces of infected animals & may be spread by tick bite. It is resistant to disinfectants and heat and it is often unreported. Symptoms

* High Fever
* Exhaustion
* Vomiting
* Diarrhoea
* Coughing
* Stomach and Chest Pains
Consequences
* Serious Complications Include Neurological & Pukmonary Inflammation & 2 % Of Patients Die * Risk Of Developing Hepatitis Or Pneumonia
Prevention
* Make Sure The Domestic Animals You Are Around Do Not Carry The Virus * Doxycycline Is The Antibiotic Of Choice To Take To Treat It

Pneumonic Plague
Causes
The bacteria (Yersinia Pestis) was identified by Alexandre Yersin in 1894, which was transmitted to humans by flea bites by the fleas carried on rodents, cats, rabbits, squirrels and dogs. The patient...

Bibliography: :
Books
* 101 Illnesses you do not want to get – Michael Powell
* Deadly Diseases – James Reddal
Internet
* http://doctors-hospitals-medical-cape-town-south-africa.blaauwberg.net/details.php?id=831
* http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/lungdiseases.html
* http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/respiratory_diseases.htm
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