Regulatory Impairment

Topics: Nervous system, Peripheral nervous system, Brain Pages: 5 (1341 words) Published: June 1, 2015
Have you ever heard of the term regulatory behavior and what affect the nervous system play? What about the effects of fear, aggression and anxiety they have on the specified behavior? Regulatory behavior is defined as efforts of organisms which are aimed at achieving physiological balance by maintaining basic, primary needs.  

            The nervous system functions in conjunction with regulatory behavior. However the nervous system has two parts. They are the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is the basic control system for the body and is made of the brain and the spinal cord. On the other hand the Peripheral system is composed of many nerves that are connected to the rest of the body as well as the central nervous system. However it is said that emotional issues arouse the automatic nervous system. This system is divided into two sections which are; the sympathetic and the parasympathetic. With that being said, the parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for digestion and also it save energy for things to come. Each and every situation provides a different reaction or arousal that is caused either by the sympathetic or the parasympathetic nervous system. The automatic system is related to fear, aggression, and anxiety. According to (Stemier,2002), anxiety is psychological, physiological, and a behavioral state that induced in animals and humans by a threat to well-being or survival, either actual or potential. It is characterized by increased arousal, expectancy, autonomic, and neuroendocrine activation, and specific behavior patterns. The function of these changed is to facilitate coping with an adverse or unexpected situation.             Also, it was said that emotions are intimately linked with organic life and physiological and behavioral reactions accompany a strong emotion, such as fear. Emotions involve specific areas of the brain, and the activations of these areas is associated with increased blood flow and has been confirmed using modern neuroscience. Furthermore, the functionality of hormones involved in specific behaviors are directly impacted causing a vicious cycle of highs and lows. Using case studies published by the American Psychological Association, we notice that that aggression and stress are usually impacted at least 45 percent harder due to the influx of the hormone corticosterone. Based on supporting documentation within the study suggests that by activating the aggression system, the adrenocortical stress hormones are “tripped” creating an unintended sudo-response within the fight or flight sequence. Once the sequence is initiated there is a false response where no actual fight--or even flight is required, as this is a fundamental characteristic for primitive defense and survivability. At this point a methodical image emerges: First, a signal (ACTH) from the nervous system i.e. pituitary gland, chemically signals the adrenal cortex found within the adrenal glands to produce via chemical and electrical stimulation, the release of corticosteroids (Adelson, 2004). Once released the surrounding systems shunt energy reserves in preparation of the body to activate an acute emergency response popularly called within today’s academic and social society "fight or flight." Second, the same corticosteroid chemically signals neuro-receptors within the brain to lower attack thresholds and facilitate fighting characteristic. In most instances fighting itself is a major stressor that the nervous system has a difficult time distinguishing thus consequently activates the release of the hormone cortisol and completing a stress response (Holm,2015). Regulating the way stress is handled can affect the way an individual’s response is comprehended, not only can actions be noticed by “outsiders” in the general population but can be matriculated in various other actions from an unhealthy lifestyle (consuming non-prescribed medications and the ever popular...

Cited: Holm, G. (2015, April 15). ACTH Stumulation Test. In ACTH (Cosyntropin) Stimulation Test. Retrieved May 20, 2015, from http://www.healthline.com/health/acth-cosyntropin-stimulation-test#Overview1
Steimer, T. (2002). The biology of fear- and anxiety-related behaviors. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 4(3), 231–249.
Adelson, R. (2004, November 10). Hormones, Stress and Aggression: A Vicious Cycle. American Psychological Association, 35(10), 18. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/nov04/hormones.aspx
Gaillot, M. T., & Baumesiter, R. F. (2014). Self-Regulation and Sexual Restraint Dispositionally and Temporarily Contribute to Failures at Restraining Sexual Behaviors (Master 's thesis). 10October Retrieved from http://www.communicationcache.com/uploads/1/0/8/8/10887248/self-regulation_and_sexual_restraint_-_dispositionally_and_temporarily_poor_self-regulatory_abilities_contribute_to_failures_at_restraining_s
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