Psychology Workbook

Topics: Neuron, Nervous system, Brain Pages: 113 (22838 words) Published: August 14, 2013
I. INTRODUCTION

Objective I.1

Define psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes.

|Margin Learning Question(s) (if applicable) |Page(s) | |None | |

Key Terms

Psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes.

Exercises

1. Put a check mark by each statement that is true regarding psychology. __X_ Psychologists study human behavior.
__X___ Psychologists study animal behavior.
____X_ Psychologists study emotions and mental processes. _____ Psychology and "common sense" lead to the same conclusions about behavior and mental processes. _____ Psychology is not a science.

Objective I.2

Define the scientific method, and explain how it is used in psychology? Psychologists use the scientific method to evaluate competing ideas; find relationship of variables by collecting data

|Margin Learning Question(s) (if applicable) |Page(s) | |1.2 What processes do scientists use to answer questions about behavior and mental processes (pp. 7-8)? | |

Key Terms

scientific method -A self-correcting process for asking questions and observing natures answers; relies on collecting data, generating a theory to explain, producing testable hypothesis based on the theory and then testing those hypotheses empirically.

Exercises

1. What is the main purpose of the scientific method?
The scientific method proves or disproves competing ideas. Scientists make careful observations and therapies which are revised based on new observations .

2. The steps of the scientific method are (1) identify a problem or research question, (2) design a study, (3) collect data, (4) analyze data, (5) draw conclusions, and (6) communicate findings. Identify the step associated with each of the following activities: __3___ Dr. Lopez noted "absent" or "present" by each student's name on his class roll at each class meeting. He recorded students' exam scores on his roll sheet as well. ___1__ Dr. Lopez hypothesized that students who consistently attend class get higher grades than those who are absent more often. ____6_ Dr. Lopez published the results of his study in the Journal of Community College Teaching. ___4__ Dr. Lopez calculated the correlation between his students' rates of absence and their exam scores and found that the two variables were positively associated. __2___ Dr. Lopez planned to track students' attendance and exam scores and to correlate these two variables at the end of the semester. ___5__ Dr. Lopez inferred that the data he collected supported his hypothesis regarding the relationship between attendance and exam scores.

Objective I.3

Describe the major schools of thought and theoretical perspectives in psychology.

|Margin Learning Question(s) (if applicable) |Page(s) | |1.7 How do behaviorists explain behavior and mental process? | | |1.8 What do psychoanalytic psychologists believe about the role of the unconscious? | | |1.9 According to Maslow and Rogers, what motivates human behavior and mental process? | | |1.10 What is the focus of cognitive psychology? | | |1.25 What is the main idea behind evolutionary psychology? | | |1.26 How is biological psychology changing the field of psychology?...
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