Our beloved country and identity is Pakistan. The sacrifices and ideology of our ancestors is Pakistan. It was the dream of Allama Iqbal which was fulfilled by Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Quaid-e-Azam along with other leaders fought for the cause of Muslims. All the Muslims suffered a lot and at last got a separate homeland for themselves. Pakistan was now an independent state, but was terribly disadvantaged. It faced many severe problems some of them were: 1. India took over all the British institutions like military forces while Pakistan has to create new. 2. India insisted on taking the name “India” which gave it an automatic right to a seat on international bodies such as the UN Security Council. 3. Pakistan had a terrible refugee problem. Approximately 8 million people fled to Pakistan after the partition. Less area problem too! 4. Deaths of early leaders: Mr. Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan, there were no more inspirational leaders. 5. Kashmir was an open wound which kept high tension between India and Pakistan when what was needed was cooperation.
6. It was Kashmir issue for which Pakistan had to spend more money on defense, money which was desperately needed to build up the state. 7. There were huge areas of barren desert and high mountains, and only one third of the land was cultivated. 8. Pakistan had few industries or minerals: it only had 750 000 tones of coal against India’s 46 million tone of coal. 9. India also produced 8 million tones of iron ore while Pakistan had almost none. 10. East and West Pakistan were over 1600 kilometers apart and there was no communication network between them. They had little in common except for their religion. This made governing them as one country extremely...
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