Organic vs. Conventional Foods

Topics: Agriculture, Sustainable agriculture, Organic farming Pages: 4 (913 words) Published: March 11, 2015
Organic VS. Conventional 
 
Alexis Dossey 
Environmental Science 1A 
 
  For years, there has been  a debate on how food is grown. Should it be organic or conventionally   grown?  To  answer  this  question,  the  difference  between  the  two  needs  to   be  known.  Organic  produce  is  grown  without  chemical  fertilizers  and  pesticides.  Organic  livestock   is  free  ranged,  most  of  the  time,  with  no  added  antibiotics  or  growth hormones.  Conventionally grown produce  is  usually  processed  after  being  harvested.  They  are  also  sprayed  with   chemical  pesticides  and  enriched with polluting fertilizers. 

 
Research 
  Stanford  University  has  held  over  250  investigations  that  compared  the  nutritional  value  of  organic and traditional crops.  These studies show that organic foods tend to contain slightly more  phosphorous,  a  higher  level  of  omega­3  fatty  acids,  and  a  30%  lower  rate  of  chemical  residue.  However, traditional chicken and pork  is one­third more likely to contain antibiotic bacteria than  organic  meats.  Bacterias  that  cause  food  poisoning  are  equally  present  in  both   traditional  and  organic. They have little difference in nutritional value.   

Organic 
  When  people  see  “organic,”  they immediately think “pesticide­free.” Organic products can still  be  labeled  as  organic,  even  if  they  contain  commercial  pesticides.  The  U.S.  Department  of  Agriculture  stated  that  almost  20%  of  organic  lettuce  showed  up  as  positive  for  containing  a 

pesticide  called spinosad. Spinosad comes from a naturally occurring bacterium in soil.  Although  it  is  considered  slightly  toxic  to  the  EPA  (Environmental   Protection  Agency),  it  can  be  used  while  farming  and  still  be  labeled  as  organic.  Spinosad,  under  the  name  Entrust,  is  especially  harmful  to  the  nervous  system  of  insects,  and ...
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