Organic Food

Topics: Organic food, Agriculture, Organic farming Pages: 26 (8071 words) Published: January 13, 2014
Table of Contents

01.What is Organic Food?.........................................................04 02.History of Organic Food…………………………...………04 03.Principles of Organic Agriculture……………………….....05 04.How Can We Be Sure That our Food is Organic?...............07 05.Types of Organic Food………………………………….....07 06.Advantages of Organic Foods………………………….......09 07.Organic vs. Non-organic……………………………….......11 08.Organic Food market……………………………………....13 09.How can we market Organic Products?................................14 10.Organic Food in Bangladesh…………………………….....17 11.Potential for Organic Shrimp farming in Bangladesh…...…24 12.Conclusion………………………………………………....26 13.References………………………………………...………..27

What is Organic Food?
Organic farming is a relatively new concept to us, though we are practicing it for thousands of years without noticing. Organic farming is nothing but cultivating foods and other agricultural products using methods that do not involve modern synthetic inputs such as synthetic pesticides and chemical fertilizers, do not contain genetically modified organisms, and are not processed using irradiation.

Organic food is produced with:
No synthetic pesticides, herbicides or fumigants
No fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge •No genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
No irradiation
No hormones, antibiotics, artificial ingredients or trans fats

In simple words organic farming is way and means to cultivate naturally, in other word primitively in a sense. The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people. A Brief History of Organic Food:

Until the early part of the 20th Century pretty much all the food grown across the world was organic. It wasn’t called organic food – it was just food. Nobody had thought of putting chemicals into soil and sprays to enhance crop growth and yield. And genetic engineering took place over generations as farmers selectively bred to improve their stock or their seeds. Organic food farming continued in small, mostly family-run, farms or kitchen gardens where people grew food for their own requirements. The produce was sold in farmer’s markets. Large scale organic farming was begun by farmers and scientists, as a mark of protest to the agricultural industrialization. With the rise of the petro-chemical industries in the early 1900s, agricultural research became focused very much on the chemicals that are needed for plant and animal growth. That these chemicals come from finite resources, most often as by-products of oil refining, was rarely thought of. That they could cause other problems was seldom recognized until the problems became too big to ignore. In the 1930s there was a reaction against the use of chemical additives in people’s food. It was led, in part, by Rudolf Steiner who also designed an educational system based on his holistic and sustainable outlook. These early organic farmers and foodies laid the foundations for today’s interest in sustainable lifestyles. Now, organic food is widely available and has become very popular, with soaring sales. Principles of Organic Agriculture:

These Principles are the roots from which organic agriculture grows and develops. They express the contribution that organic agriculture can make to the world, and a vision to improve all agriculture in a global context. The Principles of Organic Agriculture serve to inspire the organic movement in its full diversity and guide our development of positions, programs and standards.

Principle of Health
Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible. This principle points out that the health of individuals and communities cannot be separated from the...
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