Neuron Disorders

Topics: Nervous system, Neuron, Spinal cord Pages: 2 (537 words) Published: March 27, 2014
While neuron disorders are debilitating diseases, scientists are researching promising new cures. This research ranges from the crosstalk between motor and sensory neurons, to the morphing of skin cells, and the function of the CLP1 gene and its role in certain diseases.

A first example of this promising new research is that scientists have discovered that ephrin and Eph prevent spinal cord neurons from regenerating after injuries. This means that if scientists can coax the neurons that are injured into rewiring themselves, it would provide a step in the right direction towards the process of repairing these types of injuries. Currently the scientists are experimenting with mice that were modified so the scientists can identify their motor and sensory neurons. The main focus for this experiment is to create a better understanding of how the crosstalk between motor and sensory neurons that would help in the research that is being conducted to see if it is possible to coax neurons into rewiring themselves. This research could promise a solution to injuries that have broken the connection between two sits of cords.

A second example of promising new research is that ordinary skin cells are being morphed into function brain cells. This research could provide a new way to overcome diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy (CP), and other rare genetic disorders called leukodystrophies by replacing the myelinating cells that are destroyed. The scientists in charge of the research are in the process of working on a way to translate this process from the mice cells they have been experimenting on to human cells for a possible cure, or at least a treatment, for neuron disorders. The bulk of the research is being conducted in parts of the body were neuron disorders are causing myelinating cells to be destroyed. This research causes for great excitement because it could be the means to provide a very plausible and viable treatment option for this type of...
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