Child Development 44
Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system in which gradual destruction of myelin occurs in patches throughout the brain or spinal cord or both, interfering with the nerve pathways and causing muscular weakness, loss of coordination, and speech and visual disturbances. This disease is a biological disease that has to do with your blood cells and how they interact with your body. MS also known as Multiple Sclerosis is not a terminal disease. Multiple Sclerosis affects more women than men, with a ratio of 2.1. Gary Cutter, PhD, of the University of Public Health argues that the ratio has gown four to one, which increases the ratio of women to men nearly 50 percent. He says that more research is needed to know why more women are developing Multiple Sclerosis than men. He also says that researchers will explore multiple changes that have occurred for women over the last several decades, including the use of obesity rates, changes in smoking rates, and later age of first birth. Speculations have been made but no theory has been proven. Most people experience first symptoms of MS between the ages of 20-40 years of age. Multiple Sclerosis is twice as likely to occur in Caucasians as in any other group. First symptoms may experience difficulty with coordination and balance. There may become severe enough to impair walking or even standing. Other symptoms of MS are often blurred or double vision, red or green color distortion or even blindness in one eye. People with MS exhibit paresthesias, transitory abnormal sensory feelings such as numbness, prickling or “pins and needles” sensations. Approximately half of all people with MS experience cognitive impairments such as difficulties with concentration, attention, memory, and poor judgment. These symptoms are usually mild and are frequently overlooked. Frequent complaints are tremors or dizziness. When a person finds out he/she has MS,...
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