December 2, 2012
Introduction to Equipment 1610
Function of the Human Body & Oil refinery
The human body is an outstanding “machine”. It is compose of several major systems, which are formed by organs that have their own distinct and unique functions. Another unique machine that has several major systems is an oil refinery. An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. The mechanic of both the human body and oil refineries work almost identical, comparing them together is astonishing how they are almost alike.
The first system of the human body is the nervous system. The nervous system is made up of two parts: the central nervous system, which includes the brain and the spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which consists of neurons found all over the body. A person’s brain is like a control room. It helps regulate all the other systems of the body by sending signals down the spinal cord and through the body nerves to all the other organs. In addition, the brain has different parts which specialize in processing thoughts, memories, feelings, dreams, speech, physical coordination, balance, hunger, and sleep. The fact that the nervous system is extremely complicated, without it, your systems in your body could not communicate.
A control room inside of an oil refinery can be compared to the nervous system of the human body. The control room is the main headquarter where all the information is obtain and then used to perform any task necessary. The steps an operate must follow is: define, measure, analyze, improve, and control. Define is in a consolidated control room, where more operators work at the same location and at the same time than in an individual control room. Therefore, operators set the goal of the conceptual design to select a layout...
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