Topics: Lidocaine, Myocardial infarction, Cardiology Pages: 2 (609 words) Published: September 16, 2013
Lidocaine also known as Xylocaine, or Ligocaine is a local anesthetic. It is used in various forms such as a topical gel, topical liquid, topical ointment, oral gel or liquid, a dermal patch, injected intravenously, IV, subcutaneously or inhaled by a nebulizer. Topically is used to relieve itching, burning or pain from skin inflammations. Liocaine injection is used to numb the area of your body to help reduce pain that’s caused by invasive medical procedures such as needle punctures, surgery, insertion of catheter or dental procedures. Lidocaine was the first type of local anesthetic, and marketed in 1949. As a local anesthetic, lidocaine is known for its rapid onset of action so it is suitable for blocking, infiltration, or surface anesthesia. For surface anesthesia many forms are available that can be used a few are before intubations, e.g. for endoscopies, and making local freezing less painful. Topically lidocaine has shown to relieve nerve pain due to damage of the shingles, but is not recommended as the first line of treatment. It also used to temporally fix Tinnitus (ringing of the ears) when no actual sound is present. Although it does not completely cure the illness, it has shown to reduce the effects by about two thirds. Lidocaine is the most important antiarrhythmic drug, which suppress abnormal rhythms of the heart. It is used intravenously to treat digoxin poisoning, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, cardiac catheterization, or abnormally fast heart rate. Lidocaine has also been useful in cases of status epilepticus (life threatening condition when the brain is in a state of persistent seizure.) Inhaled, lidocaine can be used as a cough suppressor. It has been proved effective in treating jellyfish stings by numbing the affected area, and preventing further discharge. Drug reactions are rare when using lidocaine as well as allergic reactions as long as it’s administered correctly. If taken excessively the central nervous system or cardiovascular...
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