Impact of Raiding Peoples on Settled Communities

Topics: Mongol Empire, Nomad, Genghis Khan Pages: 2 (537 words) Published: September 17, 2008
#2.Compare and Contrast the Impact of raiding peoples on settled communities (Vikings and Mongols)

Between the eighth and fourteenth centuries, the domestication of the horse and the development of sailing ships made it possible for raiding people to attack on settled societies. Vikings and Mongols were these two nomadic tribes who started to settle on certain territories. Vikings are Scandinavians seafaring traders, warriors and pirates who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the late 8th to the 11th century. Mongols were a tribe ruled the largest contiguous empire in world history and for some time was the most feared in Eurasia. Vikings and Mongols both had same reason they attacked and conquered their territories. Also, they both were open to other communities by trading and merchants. Moreover, both of their culture influenced the original culture of settled societies. However, Mongols were more administered strictly, kept organized governing, and tolerant than Vikings. Both Vikings and Mongols were having lack of food. There was too much popular pressure in Scandinavia where the Vikings were so that not everyone had enough food to eat. There was no land to farm and the weather was too cold in Mongols that was the same problem Vikings had. Vikings and Mongols both wanted to earn riches and expand their territories. Vikings conquered their territories with longships that are also used for trading. It was fast and quiet. When Vikings attacked Villages, they destroyed buildings and killed settlers. They were cruel and violent. Mongols used horses so that they could access over frozen rivers to enemies during winter. Wherever Mongols passed by, the cities and towns were completely destroyed and filled with dead bodies and bloody ground. After Vikings and Mongols were settled on their new territories, they had open trade with other communities. Mongols had little more opened trade and easier. They could trade through Silk Road and Indian Ocean....
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