Hepatic Encephalopathy

Topics: Heart, Liver, Nervous system Pages: 3 (782 words) Published: June 16, 2013
Hepatic encephalopathy

The brain is the major organ of the nervous central system and the center of control for the whole body, voluntary and involuntary activities. It’s located usually near the sensory organs for such senses as vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell. Also it is responsible of the thought, memory, emotions and language. The brain is the most complex organ of the body. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works in a fast and automatic form. But, when problems happen, the results can be destructive; it affects every single part of your body. Every organ, muscle it’s connected to the brain so when it is affected every part it’s being affected in certain way. A person can suffer from anything from amnesia to paralysis, memory loss, a problem with motor skills or being comatose.

After alcohol is ingested, it reaches the stomach, alcohol absorbs into the blood stream, through the blood vessels, alcohol continues to the small intestine. The alcohol flows through the blood stream and is metabolized by the liver, where the alcohol is broken down. Alcohol consumed in big amounts can generally not be processed by the liver. When this happens, your blood becomes saturated and the additional alcohol makes its way to your body and blood stream, until your liver can process the excess alcohol. When consumed in large amounts over a prolonged period of time, alcohol can harm virtually every part of your body.

Alcohol can affect the brain at any stage of development, even before birth. Alcohol can cause your neurotransmitters to process information slow; so you can feel drowsy. Alcohol also can affect your balance, your mood and can cause behavioral changes, including depression, agitation, memory loss, and even convulsions. Long-term, heavy drinking causes alterations in the neurons, such as the reduction of size in the cells of the brain. As a result can decrease the brain mass, increase...
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