Michelle M. Khan
March 30th, 2014
Period 6 - English 12
“A Thousand Desires Such” Poem Analysis
Mirza Ghalib, famous when India was under British colonial rule, was a classical Urdu and Persian poet. All over South Asia, he is considered to be one of the most well-known and powerful Urdu poets. Today, Ghalib is still a favorite not only in India and Pakistan, but also in diaspora societies all over the world. He was born in Agra. In 1803, when he was five years old, Ghalib’s father died in a battle, so he was raised by his uncle. When he was thirteen years old, to follow upper class Muslim tradition, Ghalib got married to the daughter of a Muslim nobleman, Umrao Begum. With his wife, he had seven children, but all of them died as infants. Shortly after his marriage, Ghalib and his wife moved to Delhi with his younger brother, who had schizophrenia and died later in 1857 during the Indian rebellion against Britain. Ever since when he was eleven years old, Ghalib was composing poetry. Even though his main language was Urdu, Ghalib also heard a little Persian and Turkish at home. Then, when a highly educated Iranian tourist who knew many languages came to stay in Ghalib’s home, his knowledge of the Persian language was enhanced. According to Ghalib himself, his Persian poems were his biggest achievements. However, he is famous more for his Urdu ghazals. Poems were not the only thing that Ghalib was gifted at; he also wrote excellent letters. These letters, through the style of words and sentences, “talked” to the reader. Ghalib died on February 15th, 1869 in Delhi. His old house has been converted into a memorial and permanent exhibition, allowing the magic of the legendary Mirza Ghalib to live on (“Biography of Mirza Ghalib”). In his poem “A Thousand Desires Such,” Mirza Ghalib uses hyperbole and allusions to convey a tone of depression as the speaker blames his love for his bad life.
Hyperbole is used to show the pain and damage that the speaker’s lover...
Cited: "Biography of Mirza Ghalib." Poem Hunter. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .
Ghalib, Mirza. "Hazaaron Khwahishen Aisi A Thousand Desires Such." All Poetry. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .
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