Topics: Human rights, Privacy, Data Protection Act 1998 Pages: 9 (3202 words) Published: January 5, 2013
What is privacy and why is it important?
1. What is privacy and why is it important ? 
2. How might privacy change in the digital domain?
3. How does the Internet threaten privacy?
4. What are some of the laws within Australia to protect privacy?  5. 1) What is Privacy 
6. Privacy can simply be defined as the right to be left alone. 'It is a comprehensive right and it is the right most valued by a free people. It is a fundamental human right.  A society in whish there was a total lack of privacy would be intolerable; but then again a society in which there was a total privacy would be no society at all’ (the is a balance needed). Privacy is the right of people to make personal decisions regarding their own intimate matters, it is the right of people to lead their lives in a manner that is reasonably secluded from public scrutiny, and it is the right of people to be free from such things as unwarranted drug testing or electronic surveillance (edited from Answers.com http://www.answers.com/topic/privacy) 7.  What is information privacy? 

8. Information privacy is the ability of an individual or group to stop information about themselves from becoming known to people other than those they choose to give the information to. Privacy is sometimes related to anonymity although it is often most highly valued by people who are publicly known. 9. Privacy can also be seen as an aspect of security—one in which there are trade-offs between the interests of one group and another can become particularly clear. (edited from Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Privacy) 10. UN Declaration of Human Rights. 

11. The UN Declaration of Human Rights defined Privacy as this: 12. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone had the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.   13. Without Privacy 

14. Without privacy life would be hell. It would mean that you would be highly vulnerable to the control of others, you would lose your freedom which may lead to inhibition and tentativeness and you may be less spontaneous and you would be more likely to be manipulated.  15.      

16. 2) How might privacy change in the digital domain? 
17. The Internet threatens privacy in a number of ways, partly because it is possible to record everything that you do on line (partly through IP addresses). The government of Australia and the US and other countries regularly monitor electronic communication as do commercial companies such as Google, and Microsoft. Google monitors all its searches (which it uses in its advertising strategies) and Microsoft, particularly through its Hotmail system, monitors a great deal of the world’s email traffic. There is also an increasing trend for companies to monitor their staff’s email and web searching habits as well as monitor their staff through cameras and other such devices. 18. Echelon 

19. Two of the largest electronic surveillance initiatives originate in the US; a leader in the tactics of surveillance. The first is the Echelon system which is managed by the National Security Agency of the US. It is said to be capable of intercepting and decrypting almost any electronic message sent anywhere in the world via satellite. Microwave, cellular, and fiberoptic (so this is any message in the whole world between anyone!). And Echelon has come under intense criticism, especially from the European Union who have accused the US of using the Echelon system to spy on European corporation to gain commercial advantage for US corporations (and Echelon is said to operate in Australia through the US’s Pine Gap facility) 20. Carnivore 

21. The second electronic surveillance system is called Carnivore (it is a great name) and is used by the US FBI to monitor selective e-mail messages and other Internet traffic. The...
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