Explain how neurons transmit information. ‘Our knowledge of the neurons function helps us to understand human behaviour.’ Discuss. The relationship between biology and psychology is a ‘give-and-take’, shared relationship where one can be used to explain and provide insight into the other, as both are related to the physical body and the mind. For that reason biology holds a much significant and important role in the study of psychology. One of the main areas of psychological studies is the mind therefore this essay aims to explain the biology of how neurons transmit information, this essay also aims to discuss how our knowledge of the ways neurons functions helps us to understand human behaviour. Biology has a significant role in psychology as by looking at the structure of the brain and how it works provides information and explanations for psychological studies and incidents. Also by looking at the relationship between the body and mind and how they communicate provides much information to psychological studies therefore this essay will explain how neurons work to transmit information within the body, between the physical body, brain and mind, and how this information effects the mental state of a person and their behaviour. Neurons are a type of cells whose main role is to communicate, control, convey and process information. A network of neurons working with other cells is known as a nervous system. Neurons like all cells come in different shapes and sizes but are always made up of a cell body attached to a process which is an extension of a neuron; groups of neurons are called neural system and each system having its own special role and function. Neurons are found all over the body although mainly found in the brain and make up to main nervous systems. The central nervous system which is made up of neurons in the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system which are the neurons found outside the central nervous system....
References: Taotes. T (2007) ‘biological processes and biological explanation’ in Miell. D, Phoenix. A and Thomas. K (eds) ‘Mapping Psychology’ Milton Keynes, The Open University.
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