Effects of selected Drugs

Topics: Opioid, Morphine, Nervous system Pages: 2 (695 words) Published: September 20, 2014
Effects of Selected Drugs

​During anesthesia, there is a great amount of drugs used to suppress the pain that would occur to the body. There are some common drugs that are used. Alcohol, Aspirin, Lidocaine, Morphine, and Succinylcholine are all used during anesthesia. Each is used to interrupt the pain signals during surgeries. Without these medications, the body would not be able to withstand such trauma occurring to perform the procedure fully. ​For many years, men and women have used the effect of alcoholic preparations in order to alleviate pain for their physical pains. In the early nineteenth century, Philip Syng, a doctor from Philadelphia, suggested to use intoxicating amounts of alcoholic beverages for medical procedures. This allowed muscle relaxation and numbing of the body, helping lose sensation to pain. In a lot of developing countries, there still is not advanced medical care is there is here. Many countries still use alcohol to help numb the body before doing a produce. ​Aspirin is used to treat pain in the body. Aspirin is used in the treatment of a number of conditions, including fever, pain, and inflammatory diseases. Lower doses of aspirin have also shown to reduce the risk of death from a heart attack and stroke. Aspirin is available in most countries. Aspirin helps ease the pain of certain conditions. Aspirin is the most popular term for a chemical called acetylsalicylic. ​Damaged and pain-causing cells produce large quantities of an enzyme called cyclooxygenase-2. This enzyme in turn produces a chemical called prostaglandin, which sends a message to the brain signaling that a specific part of the body is in pain. The chemical also causes the injured area to release fluid, causing it to swell or become inflamed. Aspirin adheres to the cylooxgenase-2 and prevents it from producing prostaglandin. As a result, some of the pain signals do not reach the brain and less pain is felt. Also, the inflammation is minimized due to the lack of...
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