Distinctive voices are created through the engagement and persuasion of the audience through the imaginative operation of the composers language. Though different in specific aims, Martin Luther King’s (MLK, 1963) “I have a dream”, John F Kennedy’s (JFK) inaugural address (1961), Jessie Street’s “Is it to be back to the kitchen” (1944) and Adolf Hitler’s “Germany could no longer remain idle” (1939), they are analogous through their dedicational intention to create peace and protect human rights, and captivate their audience through rhetorical devices in their speech.
As such, MLK employs enthralling dialect to invoke change about racial inequality. King exploits kairos by delivering his speech at the Lincoln memorial and the words “five score” recall the “four score and seven years ago” from Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation. Thus, MLK uses Lincoln’s shadow to legitimize what he is saying about civil rights. Therefore, to create his engaging and appealing voice, King combines colloquial and formal language. He adopts the voice of the everyday man when he warns “... have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual”. Contrastingly, the articulate and educated voice of his claim that “...until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality”, allowing King to appeal to African-Americans in all classes. MLK powerfully changes focus during his speech effectively by fluctuating his tones between dramatic and menacing, which readily entice his audience. Moreover, an urgent and dramatic tone is evidenced when he claims ‘... remind America of the fierce urgency of now’ and later a menacing tone is manifested when King tells how ‘It would be fatal for ... to underestimate the determination of the Negro’. King uses repetition to reveal to his wide audience the desires of the African-American people: " no, no we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream". His...
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