Classifying Stages of Memory

Topics: Brain, Nervous system, Neuron Pages: 5 (1632 words) Published: October 17, 2013
Our memory is managed through the central nervous system within the human body. Our central nervous system also is responsible for coordinating body movements and remembrance. Psychology is the science of how the brain functions through mental behavioral stages in the human body. The word "psychology" comes from the Greek word psyche which means "breath, spirit, soul", and the Greek word logia meaning the study of something. German psychologist Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) was the first to create an experimental psychology lab in Leipzig in 1879 (Kendra Cherry). As psychology began to become more popular psychologists have researched and discovered new methods of how the brain coordinates with the human body. With the newly developed studies psychology scientists have determined three stages of memory through experimental researches. Scientists have concluded that the three stages of memory are encoding, storage, and retrieval. Without memory stages, it would be impossible remember important information and personal responsibilities. The brain and the spinal cord partner together to help manage both bodily and memory activities. Neurotransmitters and neurochemicals also help significantly influence the phases of memory by the divisions of the human brain. The process of remembrance is determined by the organization and clutter of a person’s brain. The first stage of memory is encoding which is the process of breaking down information for remembrance purposes. In the article entitled “How Human Memory Works,” Dr. Richard C. Mohs, PhD and researchers determined that the hippocampus is responsible for capturing information. “Researchers have also a division of the brain called the frontal cortex that is responsible for analyzing various sensory inputs and deciding usefulness of information. The encoding process is mainly completed with brain electricity from neurochemicals and nerve cells. The encoding process begins with the electrical firing of a pulse across the gap triggers the release of chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. The neurotransmitters diffuse in the spaces between cells, attaching themselves to more cells. Each brain cell can replicate millions of links memory passages, giving a typical brain about on-going synapses about memory. The parts of the brain cells that receive these electric impulses are called dendrites” (Dr. Richard Mohs) Dendrites are feathery tips of brain cells that reach out to neighboring brain cells to recover messages/ information. Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and its actions are counter-balanced by gamma- amino- butyric acid (GABA). A balance of neuronal transmission between these two neurotransmitters is essential to normal brain function. The brain cells work together in a partnership, helping to classify themselves into groupings for special job tasks. The classifications of the brain cells enables the cells to process relevant information for memory purposes. Once the brain cells began to transmit signals to each other, the electronic message pathway grows more substantial. Thus, with each new experience, your brain slightly rewires its physical structure. Encoding is mostly useful when individuals cannot recall certain information because of the disorganizing of information within the brain. Dr. Richard has explained that plasticity helps to reset the brain functioning if it ever becomes irresponsive. Brain plasticity is the brain’s natural ability to change either voluntarily. The encoding process is associate with how well a person is diligently paying attention to information.

Memory storage is the process of retain specific information for a period of time. Memory storage is also what determines whether a person is suffering from short- term or long- term memory loss. Researchers concluded that the temporal also known as the auditory cortex is used to storage memory. The auditory cortex primary purpose is for memory and emotions....
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