The Black Death
During the fourteenth century there were some major disasters that plagued Europe and would result in everlasting changes. War caused by peasant revolts, French and English battle for throne, religious conflicts, famine caused from flooding by heavy rains and devastating arctic weather, were some of the massive dilemmas that Europe faced. “But the cruelest blow of all was the Black Death. This was the name given in Europe to a pandemic (universal) outbreak of a deadly disease, the bubonic plague.” (Lewis, 247). This disease was nothing new for Europe, during the sixth century Europe, the plague had already caused massive damage. But this time around it effected more people’s lives than ever before. (Lewis, 246-247). Human resistance to disease was lowered from the famine and malnutrition. The spike in Europe’s population during the agricultural boom finally came to an end. “By about 1347, the plague reached the Black Sea region; from there, merchants from the city of Genoa brought it to Italy; and in about four years, it spread across Europe.” (Lewis, 247). All people from the bottom of the social latter such as the peasants’ right up to the top with the nobility such as lords and princes, had to deal with the drastic changes. No man, woman, nor child were safe from this tragic outbreak. The social effects that the Black Death that changed the most were that of the serfs and peasants who worked the fields to keep the agriculture flowing--significantly decreased. The members of the Church thinned along with the royal members of European kingdoms had also reduced their numbers. The clergy now needed to find new members but because of the decrease in population this left an opening to get more corrupt individuals involved. “Many people interpreted the plague as a punishment from God that called for severe personal penitence; some thought the end of the world was at hand. (Lewis, 247). The psychological effects alone were enough...
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