Black Death

Topics: Black Death, Europe, Italy Pages: 2 (557 words) Published: September 30, 2013
In reading pages 283-311 of the Western Civilization book by Jackson J. Spielvogel, I have learned some things. For example, I will explain what the Black Death was and how it was an impact on European society. I will explain the major problems that European states faced in the fourteenth century. Last but not least, I will describe the major developments in art and literature in the fourteenth century. The Black Death was one of the most destructive natural disasters in history. It killed around 75 to 200 million people. It was thought to have started in China or Central Asia and from there was spread by fleas infested rats that had bacteria called Yersinia Pestis. The Black Death had a major impact on economic activities because as the plague was going on, agriculture prices dropped. Also, because of all of the deaths, the pay grew for the workers giving them a chance of improving their own employment. The population impact was devastating. Some towns and villages were completely abandoned due to plague victims and people fleeing from the plague. Over the course of two years one-third of Europe’s population had died. The top three problems that European states faced in the fourteenth century were the Black Death, mini ice age, and the Crusades. First, the Black Death, which I just talked about, was a very destructive plague the spread all throughout Europe and Asia. It nearly killed about 200 million people. It dropped prices for laborers and agriculture prices dropped. Second, the mini ice age. At about the end of the thirteenth century, there were weather changes in Europe which then became the “little ice age”. There was a small change in weather overall temperatures and short growing seasons. There were disastrous conditions which included heavy storms and constant rain. Between 1315 and 1317 the weather got so bad that it caused food storages and extreme hunger and starvation. Lastly, the Crusades, which was a fight over the holy land. These were...
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