340Regulatory Behavior Paper

Topics: Nervous system, Peripheral nervous system, Neuron Pages: 5 (876 words) Published: July 6, 2015
Regulatory Behavior Paper
Natasha D. Hagins
PSY/340 - BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Instructor: STEVE LAZARRE
Schedule:05/05/2015 - 06/08/2015
Campus: ONLINE MAIN
Group ID: BSBX1GVOT1
Author Note

Explain the role of the nervous system.
Describe the effect of fear, aggression, or anxiety on the specified behavior. Explain the function of the hormones involved and how they relate to the behavior. Describe the effects of regulatory impairments on the specified behavior.

The nervous system is a collection of nerves with specialized cells. These specialized cells are known as neurons. These neurons transmit signals to different of your body throughout your body. Many also call this the body electrical wiring. The nervous system is control by two components which are the following: The Central Nervous System and the Peripheral Nervous System. The central nervous system involves the following: brain, spinal cord and nerves. The peripheral nervous involves the following: sensory neurons, ganglia, neurons and nerves connecting to each other that connects to the central nervous system. The nervous system also includes two main subdivisions which are the following: the somatic (voluntary, component) and the autonomic (involuntary, component). The somatic system involves the nerves connecting to the spinal cord and the brain using the muscles and also the sensory receptors within the skin. The somatic nervous system includes the peripheral nerve fibers which will pick up sensory information or sensations from the peripheral or distant organs and carry them to the central nervous system. The whole process takes less than a second to happen. The cell body from neuron which carries the information that is within the brain or spinal cord and projects directly to a skeletal muscle. The autonomic nervous system involves the body processing blood pressure and breathing rate. The neurons communicate within the body by passing electrochemical signals. Neurons are different than other cells within the body because there are many long cellular processes that goes from the central cell body. The cell body is a round part of a neuron that consist of the following: nucleus, mitochondria, and also the cellular organelles. Dendrites progress from the cell body which is stimuli from the environment, other neurons, or sensory receptor cells. The long transmitting stage is called axons that is extend from the cell body that sends signals to other neurons or effector cells within the body.  Social anxiety is a mental health condition which makes an individual feel overwhelming anxiety including the fear of doing everyday activities because the individual believes that they are being judged by others and are constantly being watched by others. People who suffer from this anxiety can display physical signs of symptoms when they have to face their fears head on. People with social anxiety may also suffer from substance abuse and even eating disorder. Some people who have social anxiety cope with their stress by self-mutilation when they feel that are in a stressful situation that is hard for them to overcome. The physical signs and symptoms for social disorder are the following: “blushing, profuse sweating, trembling or shaking, nausea, stomach upset, difficulty talking, shaky voice, muscle tension, confusion, palpitations, diarrhea, cold, clammy hands and difficulty making eye contact (Davidson JR. Affective style, mood and anxiety disorders. An affective neuroscience approach. In: Davidson JR, ed. Anxiety Depression and Emotions. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2000).” When it comes to anxiety our hormones take on a significant role when our anxiety begins to develop. People that experience high anxiety over time begin to suffer from hormonal anxiety due to the cause of issues within their hormone balance. Anxiety hormone imbalance can cause anxiety, due to the fact that anxiety is caused by our bodies when we are under...

References: Sanes DH, Reh TA, Harris WA (2006)
Davidson JR. Affective style, mood and anxiety disorders. An affective neuroscience approach. In: Davidson JR, ed. Anxiety Depression and Emotions. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2000
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