154360275 Psych 575 Neurotransmitter Ch

Topics: Acetylcholine, Nervous system, Neurotransmitter Pages: 10 (1928 words) Published: December 6, 2014


Neurotransmitter Chart
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Psych 575: Physiological Psychology
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Neurotransmitter Chart

Select four neurotransmitters. Complete a table for each neurotransmitter.

Neurotransmitter 1
State if this neurotransmitter is inhibitory or excitatory:
Acetylcholine
 Both inhibitory and excitatory depending on receptors present

What is this neurotransmitter's role on behavior?
 
 Acetylcholine is a common neurotransmitter located in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Acetylcholine acts as a neuromodulator which engage in direct synaptic transmission between specific neurons. In the CNS acetylcholine plays a role in attention and arousal in the PNS it works as a major part of the autonomic nervous system and works to activate muscles (Waymire, 1997). Acetylcholine is involved in voluntary movement, learning, memory, and sleep.

Pharmacological agent prescribed to increasethe neurotransmitter: List three possible side effects linked to this agent:
To increase the neurotransmitter in the body the supplement choline bitartrate and CDP-Choline and herbal agents ginseng and ginkgo biloba (Moore, 2013). 1) Low blood pressure

2) Stomach ache

3) Increase perspiration and salivation (Moore, 2013)
Example of a neurological disorder, disease, or condition where this agent occurs List possible risks associated with not taking this agent for the disorder, disease, or condition: A severe autoimmune muscular disease by varying progressions of defects of the skeletal muscles in the body is known as myasthenia gravis. A defect in the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles is seen in myasthenia gravis. The acetylcholine travels from the neuromuscular junction and binds to acetylcholine receptors, which are made active and create muscle contractions (National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2012). Condition may cause life-threatening breathing problems and other disorders of autoimmune such as thyrotoxicosis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Lupus (Sheth & Zieve, 2013).

Pharmacological agent prescribed todecreasethe neurotransmitter: List three possible side effects linked to this agent:
Brand name – Bentyl
Generic brand – Dicyclomine, which serve to reduce the effect mediated by acetylcholine (Network54, 2008). 1) Dry mouth

2) Blurred Vision

3) Dry skin
Example of a neurological disorder, disease, or condition where this agent occurs List possible risks associated with not taking this agent for the disorder, disease, or condition: Alzheimer's disease: A disease in, which a marked deterioration occurs in the Central Nervous System, it is progressive dementia. A characteristic of the disease is a marked decrease in acetylcholine concentrations in the caudate nucleus and cerebral cortex (Waymire, 2009).

Drugs: Tacrine (Cognex) Blocks acetylcholine breakdown--Treat Alzheimer’s disease (Waymire)

Muscarinic receptor activation of postsynaptic cells can be either excitatory or inhibitory and is always slow in onset and long in duration. Muscarinic receptors are important mediators of behavior in the Central Nervous System. Their participation in learning and memory is evident in deterioration of the cholinergic innervation of the neocortex associated with memory loss in Alzheimer’s disease (Waymire)

Neurotransmitter 2
State if this neurotransmitter is inhibitory or excitatory:
Glutamate
Excitatory

What is this neurotransmitter's role on behavior?
 
Glutamate is a primary excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and a mediator of the synaptic plasticity required for organisms to adapt behavior to a changing environment (Kalivas, LaLumiere, Knackstedt, & Shen, 2009). And certain glutamatergic projections are thought to be severely impacted by addictive drugs.

Pharmacological agent prescribed to increasethe neurotransmitter: List three possible side effects linked...

References: Boeree, G. C. (2009). General Psychology: Neurotransmitters. Retrieved from www.webspace.ship.edu
Carlson, N.R
CNS Spectrums: Beyond the dopamine hypothesis to the NMDA, (2013). Retrieved from http://www.cnsspectrums.com/aspx/articledetail.aspx?articleid=1037
Depue, R.A., and Collins, P.F
Drugs.(2000-2013). Riluzole side effects. Retrieved from http://www.drugs.com/sfx/riluzole-side-effects.html.
Gorman, J. M. (2007). The Essential Guide to Psychiatric Drugs—Rev. and updated, 4th ed. New York, NY: St. Martin 's Press.
“Mayo Clinic” http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR601287, updated Nov. 2011, Copyright © 2013 Thomson Healthcare Inc., “Mayo Clinic,” Updated Aug. 10, 2012, http://www.mayoclinic.com/
Moore, S
National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2012). Myasthenia Gravis Fact Sheet.Retrieved from http://www.ninds.gov/disorders/myasthenia_gravis/detail_myasthenia_gravis.htm.
Network 54. (2008). SSRI Discussion Forum: Anticholinergic drug which reduce acetylcholine action. Retrieved from www.network54.com
Perez, E., and Zieve, D
Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors|drugs.com. (2000-2013). Retrieved from http://www.drugs.com/drug-class/ssri-antidepressants.html
Sheth, K., and Zieve, D
SSRIs: Myths and facts about selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. (1996-2013). Retrieved from http://www.medterms.com/scritp/main/art.asp?articlekey=10864
Stocker, S
Waymire, J. (1997). Acetylcholine neurotransmission. Retrieved from http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/s1/chapter11.html.
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