Chapter 4 Study Guide
1. What are the two main functions of the sympathetic nervous system? (A) Activating system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations – fight/flight (B) Regulates strong emotional reactions 2. What are the two main functions of the parasympathetic NS? “Rest and Digest,” Calming system that conserves energy. 3. How do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems work together (what are some images and metaphors used to describe them)? As one is more active, the other is less active. Imagers are of two rheostats with sliding controls that allow you to turn a light up and down gradually rather than on and off. Examples include sexual arousal and nausea. Common analogy gas pedal and brake in a car, living in san Francisco uphill’s you apply the break and then when the light turns green to prevent from rolling into the car behind release the break and step on the gas at the same time. 4. What is the “autonomic specificity hypothesis”?
This is the hypothesis that different emotions involve different physiological profiles -were inconclusive. An example is an individual study might show specific patterns associated with different emotions, but different studies would find completely different results. 5. Which measure of physiological activity appears to be a “pure” measure of SNS activity, unaffected by parasympathetic activity? Galvanic skin response
6. What are some disadvantages of using measures of ANS activity as a way to measure emotion? Similar physiological measures may indicate different emotions (fear vs. anger) 7. What is “emotional response coherence”?
The extent to which self-reports of emotion actually predict physiological changes and simple behaviors like facial expressions, offered pretty weak evidence for this claim. 8. What has research revealed about the heart rate change of happiness, compared to anger, fear, and disgust? How self-reports of emotion, physiological changes, and...
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