Bio 210 Study Guide for Final

Topics: Action potential, Nervous system, Muscle Pages: 6 (1666 words) Published: January 29, 2014
BIO 210Anatomy & Physiology I
Study Guide for Cumulative Final Exam

1.Know the Student Learning Objectives given on the course syllabus. 2.Be able to define:
anatomychemistrypositive feedbackanabolism
physiologybiochemistrynegative feedbackcatabolism
histologyhomeostasismetabolism
3.Be able to identify specific examples of homeostasis and negative feedback regulation with blood glucose and calcium levels and blood pressure control. 4.Be able to place each level of structural organization in the proper sequence from either simplest to most complex or vice versa: proton, neutron, electroncelltissue organelle

atom, elementorgan systemorganism
molecule, compound
5.Be able to recognize the definition / description of each of the body planes: Sagittal ( mid- & para-)Frontal (coronal)Transverse
6.Name each of the body cavities and place the following organs in the appropriate cavity: Heartlungsstomachbrainspinal cordliverintestines
7.Know the location of body membranes:
Visceral & parietal: pleura, pericardium, peritoneum
8.Be able to understand what is meant by and be able to use of all regional and directional anatomic terms used in this course. 9.Be able to define:
pHionic bondprotonmonosaccharidedisaccharide
Buffercovalent bond electron polysaccharideglycerol
acidhydrogen bondneutronfatty acidnucleic acid
baseanionorganic inorganicenzyme
cation Atomic numberAtomic weightsalt
10.Be able to recognize how buffers work (chemically) to prevent dramatic changes in pH. 11.Be able to recognize the location / function / composition of each of the following in the cell: enzymesamino acidsglycogenRNA

ATP glucosetriglycerides DNA
phospholipidscholesterol
12.Be able to recognize the chemical components of the plasma membrane and the role of each chemical component. 13.Be able to define / describe the pH scale and to characterize solutions as highly acidic, weakly acidic, neutral, weakly alkaline (basic) or strongly alkaline based on its pH measurement. 14.Name the four most abundant elements in the human body:

15.Identify cations and anions in the human body. Name the major extracellular and intracellular cations. 16.Be able to determine the number of protons, electrons, and neutrons in any given atom from its atomic number and atomic weight for atoms and ions. 17.Be able to define:

TranscriptiontranslationdiffusionGenetic code
Mitosiscytosolosmosis(DNA) replication
Chromatidchromosomecytoplasm
18.Be able to describe the events and chemicals involved in transcription and translation. BE able to describe the role of each of the following: DNAmRNAtRNArRNA
RNA polymerase codonanti-codon
19.Be able to recognize the significant events occurring in phases of the cell cycle (interphase to telophase) 20.Be able to compare parent (initial) and daughter (resulting) cells of mitosis. 21.Be able to transcribe a sequence of nitrogenous bases (A,C,T,G) on any given segment of DNA and give the different components of DNA and RNA. 22.Be able to recognize the factors responsible for generating the resting membrane potential across a plasma membrane. Give details of the action of the sodium/potassium ATP pump. 23.Be able to describe the ion movements across a plasma membrane that occur during polarization, depolarization, repolarization, hyperpolarization. 24.Be able to recognize the major function of each of the major cell organelles. 25.Be able to determine which way water will diffuse across a plasma membrane when a cell is placed in either a hypotonic, isotonic or hypertonic solution. What is isotonic saline? What is osmotic pressure? 26.Be able to define / describe the function of:

Elastinchondroblastsligamentsosteoclasts
Collagenosteoblastsexocrine glandsosteocytes
Fibroblaststendonsendocrine glands chondrocytes
Hemocytoblasts...
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